History of archaeological dating online dating community links partners
It was more like what would be called art collecting today.Greeks and Romans and first developed in 18th-century Italy with the excavations of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.The demand for Egyptian antiquities led to organized tomb robbing by men such as Giovanni Battista Belzoni.A new era in systematic and controlled archaeological research began with the Frenchman Flinders Petrie, who began work in Egypt in 1880, made great discoveries there and in Palestine during his long lifetime.Ultimately, then, the archaeologist is a historian: his aim is the interpretive description of the past of man.Increasingly, many scientific techniques are used by the archaeologist, and he uses the scientific expertise of many persons who are not archaeologists in his work.
He brought with him scholars who set to work recording the archaeological remains of the country.An adequate and objective taxonomy is the basis of all archaeology, and many good archaeologists spend their lives in this activity of description and classification.But the main aim of the archaeologist is to place the material remains in historical contexts, to supplement what may be known from written sources, and, thus, to increase understanding of the past.But although archaeology uses extensively the methods, techniques, and results of the physical and biological sciences, it is not a natural science; some consider it a discipline that is half science and half humanity.
Perhaps it is more accurate to say that the archaeologist is first a craftsman, practicing many specialized crafts (of which excavation is the most familiar to the general public), and then a historian.
No doubt there have always been people who were interested in the material remains of the past, but archaeology as a discipline has its earliest origins in 15th- and 16th-century Europe, when the Renaissance Humanists looked back upon the glories of Greece and Rome.